Though they had known one another only for a short time, James O’Holerand and Thomas Lee Thompson lived together in a remote area near Stonewall, Chickasaw Nation. Sometime in September 1883, O’Holerand went missing. In such a remote area, the disappearance of an outsider could have been concealed.
However, Thompson’s frequent expressions of concern about him and the inconsistent stories of his absence drew attention. Subsequent investigation and questioning led to further evidence and, ultimately, a confession of sorts. O’Holerand, Thompson claimed, attacked him and was killed in self-defense.
Thompson was convicted of murder on February 22, 1884, and sentenced to death on April 28. He was hanged at Fort Smith on July 11, 1884.