Silas Lee and Hickman Freeman

Silas Lee and Hickman Freeman, Black men who lived in the Indian Territory near Goodland, killed Ed Canady, Paul Applegate, Jeff Maddox, and an unidentified man on November 14, 1895. The four men were on a boat in the Red River near Arthur City. The motive was robbery.

Lee and Freeman were arrested two weeks later. Property belonging to the dead men was found in their possession.

Transported to Paris, Texas, the men were tried in the newly established federal court for the Eastern District of Texas. Only a modest defense was offered. After being convicted on May 19, 1896, the two men were sentenced to death on June 27, 1896.

Evening Messenger (Marshall, Texas), May 21, 1896

Silas Lee and Hickman Freeman were hanged at Paris, Texas, on September 4, 1896.

Author: Bill Lofquist

I am a sociologist and death penalty scholar at the State University of New York at Geneseo. I am also a Pittsburgh native. My present research focuses on the history of the death penalty in Allegheny County (Pittsburgh), Pa. This website is dedicated to collecting, analyzing, and sharing information about all Allegheny County cases in which a death sentence was imposed. Please share any questions or comments, errors or omissions, or other matters of interest related to these cases or to the broader history of the death penalty in Allegheny County.

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